Faculty of 1000 evaluation for Psychosocial adjustment 17 years after severe brain injury [dataset]

Philippe Azouvi
2006 F1000 - Post-publication peer review of the biomedical literature   unpublished
Objectives: To examine very long term psychosocial outcome following severe brain injury in a large cohort, with the aim of evaluating Thomsen's observation that even after very serious head trauma the long term outcome in some patients is reasonably good. Methods: The cohort consisted of 80 patients who had suffered severe brain injury evaluated at a mean time of 17 years post injury (range 10-32 years). Information regarding employment status and relationship status was obtained during
more » ... l interview. Psychosocial outcome measures included the Supervision Rating Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Patient Competency Rating Scale, and Community Integration Questionnaire. Results: Of the cohort, 72.0% lived independently, 28.7% were in full time employment, and 60.0% were married or cohabiting. The mean rating of life satisfaction was "slightly dissatisfied", but no serious emotional problems were evident from self report ratings on the HADS. Mean functional competency ratings and community integration levels were just below those reported for non-disabled patients. Conclusions: Results indicate that although long term psychosocial functioning in patients with severe head injury remains compromised, long term adjustment may be better than expected from data reported by studies assessing psychosocial outcome at earlier stages of recovery.
doi:10.3410/f.30705.487207 fatcat:zzleuuespze2vkggo5kno2nzsq