Presence of Campylobacter spp. in nature

Igor Stojanov, Maja Velhner, Dusan Orlic
2004 Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke  
Presence of bacteria from Campylobacter spp. in nature and their importance encourages many researchers to study their biology. The aim of this study was to understand the epizootiology of these bacteria by analyzing all available data and our own results. This would help to follow their movements and prognosticate the outbreak of the disease caused by Campylobacter. In this experiment we used parts of the digestive tracts and reproductive organs of poultry and intestines of pigs and cattle.
more » ... lation methodology was adjusted to the conditions favorable for Campylobacter spp. by providing selective mediums and microaerophilic conditions. Final determination of the isolates was done with Api Campy strips and appropriate software. Of the 60 samples analyzed, 42 were positive for the presence of Campylobacter spp.: Campylobacter jejuni in 28 and Campylobacter coli in 14 cases. After examining samples from the reproductive tract, 4 birds were positive, with Campylobacter jejuni in 3 and Campylobacter coli in 1 sample. Of the 12 samples from pigs, 7 were positive (Campylobacter jejuni). Of the 6 samples from calves, Campylobacter jejuni was present in 4 cases. For the sake of clarity, the overall epizootiological situation, established on the basis of literature data and the obtained results, may be viewed as consisting of three interactive parts. The first one is the territorial prevalence of Campylobacter spp. The second is their presence in different kinds of animal and their systems (organs), and the third are health problems that occur in consequence to their presence.
doi:10.2298/zmspn0417075s fatcat:6go2cgqhtjcmbi25ogax5vjccq