Folklore Research and its New Challenges: From the Ethnography to Netografy

Maria Gasouka, Zoi Arvanitidou, Foulidi Xanthippi, Raptou Evagelia
2012 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
Folklorists use the ethnographic method enriching it with anthropological background information. Ethnography is a method that describes a culture and its "wisdom". Ethnography is interested in the reasons of change of a specific culture and/or the ways of breaching and restoring the dominant cultural class and to understand the fragile and fluid processes of social control and the rules laid down by the members (of the culture) in order to maintain their cultural characteristics. In recent
more » ... s the Internet became a cultural environment without boundaries, which confirms the claim of Dundes and Pagter (1992) that the urban folklore allows the coexistence of individuality within the collective identity of each folk group. In online communities multipurpose virtual environments are developed (Economou, 2006) creating virtual locations (places) and developing social interactions and cooperation. In these environments, ethnographic research produces new terms such as netography, cyberethnography, cyber-nations, digital indigenes, digital settlers, digital immigrants, etc. Virtual communities and networks pose particular challenges and opportunities for ethnographic research, as they represent a huge archive of human activity and unprecedented volatility (Jones, 1999, Lindlif and Shatzer, 1998). Virtual, field research studies, with increasing interest, a social world which is characterized both as global and digital, which was previously ignored by conventional ethnography (Hine, 2005). This makes the ethnography of digital life an important aspect of contemporary social research, as we will try to demonstrate with this paper.
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