Prevalence and severity of pruritus amongst patients with chronic kidney disease

2018 IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology  
Skin problems are common and diverse in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pruritus is a highly prevalent condition in patients with chronic kidney disease. It is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety and depression which may contribute to reduction in quality of life. Objective: To study the prevalence and severity of pruritus among patients with chronic kidney disease. Materials and Methods: An observational study was conducted in 77 consecutive chronic kidney disease patients
more » ... eceiving maintenance hemodialysis for more than 3 months at Manik hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India were studied during January 2015 to December 2015. Results: Out of 77 patients, 51 (66.23%) of males and 26 (23.67%) of females were examined. The mean age was 51.17 years. Xerosis was the commonest manifestation (87.01%), followed by pruritus (57.14%). Mild pruritus was reported in 59.09% patients whereas severe pruritus was noted in 22.27% patients. High urea, phosphate and ALP levels were noted in severe pruritus group, but difference not statistically significant. 32 patients with pruritus on maintenance HD were followed over next 6 months. Out of 32 patients followed, 37.5% had no change in pruritus. Pruritus improved in 28.12%, while it actually worsened in 34.37% patients.
doi:10.18231/2581-4729.2018.0046 fatcat:cnifnfsopzbhrn73okup6o6wv4