Relationship of epidermal growth factor receptor in lung development

Hai-Jing LI, Yan LIU, Hai-Sheng HAO, Wei-Hua DU, Xue-Ming ZHAO, Dong WANG, Tong QIN, You-Ji MA, Hua-Bin ZHU
2012 Hereditas (Beijing)  
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a transmembrane protein receptor, is a member of ErbB family with signal-transducing tyrosine kinase activity. After combined with the ligand, EGFR homologous or heterologous dimers are formed to induce intracellular signal transduction, activate downstream signal transduction pathways, and then produce a series of biological effects. RAF/MEK/RAS/ERK pathway is relevant to cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis; while PDK1/AKT /PI3K
more » ... is involved in cell migration and adhesion. EGFR can promote the maturity of pulmonary type II epithelial cells and the synthesis and secretion of pulmonary surfactant. EGFR shows the effect on mammal lungs in a time-space and dose-dependent manner. The down-regulated expression of it will lead to immature lung development, while the over-expression can promote the cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis of the lung cancer cells. This paper reviewed advances in the study for EGFR and its signal pathway, as well as the relationship among EGFR, atelectasis and lung cancer.
doi:10.3724/sp.j.1005.2012.00027 pmid:22306870 fatcat:q45cem5nkjardnhzt3lep53ctq