Hydrodynamic Simulations of the Growth of Cosmological Structure: Summary and Comparisons among Scenarios

Jeremiah P. Ostriker, Renyue Cen
1996 Astrophysical Journal  
We compute, including a current state-of-the-art treatment of hydrodynamical processes, heating and cooling, a variety of cosmological models into the extreme nonlinear phase to enable comparisons with observations. First, we note the common, model independent results. All have a mean (z=0) temperature of 10^4.5-10^5.5, set essentially by photoheating processes. Most gas is in one of two components: either at the photoheating floor 10^4.5 and primarily in low density regions or else shock
more » ... or else shock heated to 10^5-10^6 and in regions of moderate overdensity (in caustics and near groups and clusters). It presents a major observational challenge to observationally detect this second, abundant component as it is neither an efficient radiator nor absorber. About 2 and migrating to clusters. About 1 emitting gas near cluster cores, in good agreement with observations. These correspondances between the simulations and the real world imply that there is some significant truth to the underlying standard scenarios for the growth of structure. The differences among model predictions may help us find the path to the correct model. For COBE normalized models the most relevant differences concern epoch of structure formation. In the open variants having Ω=0.3, with or without a cosmological constant, structure formation on galactic scales is well advanced at redshift z=5, and reionization occurs early. But if observations require models for which most galaxy formation occurs more recently than z=2, then the flat Ω=1 models are to be preferred. The velocity dispersion on the 1h^-1Mpc scale also provides a strong discriminant with, as expected, the Ω=1 models giving a much higher
doi:10.1086/177297 fatcat:ndgekmiunvdu5fe4rm35sbxmce