Suppression of Apoptosis by Cyclophilin D via Stabilization of Hexokinase II Mitochondrial Binding in Cancer Cells
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The permeability transition pore is involved in the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. Cyclophilin D, a pore component, has catalytic activity as a peptidyl prolyl cis, trans-isomerase (PPIase), which is essential to the pore opening. It has been reported that cyclophilin D overexpression suppresses apoptosis in cancer cells. To clarify the mechanism of this effect, we generated glioma cells overexpressing wild-type or a PPIase-deficient mutant of cyclophilin D. Interestingly, we found that
... y, we found that the PPIase-dependent apoptosis suppression by cyclophilin D correlated with the amounts of mitochondrialbound hexokinase II, which has anti-apoptotic activity. Inactivation of endogenous cyclophilin D by small interference RNA or a cyclophilin inhibitor was found to release hexokinase II from mitochondria and to enhance Bax-mediated apoptosis. The anti-apoptotic effects of cyclophilin D were canceled out by the detachment of hexokinase II from mitochondria, demonstrating that mitochondrial binding of hexokinase II is essential to the apoptosis suppression by cyclophilin D. Furthermore, cyclophilin D dysfunction appears to abrogate hexokinase II-mediated apoptosis suppression, indicating that cyclophilin D is required for the anti-apoptotic activity of hexokinase II. Based on the above, we propose here that cyclophilin D suppresses apoptotic cell death via a mitochondrial hexokinase II-dependent mechanism in cancer cells.