Cumulative plot of heart rate variability spectrum assesses kinetics of action of cholinergic drugs in rats
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Perlstein, I., and A. Hoffman. Cumulative plot of heart rate variability spectrum assesses kinetics of action of cholinergic drugs in rats. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 279: H110-H115, 2000.-A new approach to assess autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity and its response to drug action is presented. Our approach is based on the use of a cumulative plot of data obtained by power spectral analysis of heart rate variability, in defined frequency bands, during short time epochs (e.g., 2 min in
... hs (e.g., 2 min in rats). The substantial temporal variability in power evolving from the constant balancing nature of the ANS activity is minimized by this approach and produces a measurable index of ANS activity vs. time. The cumulative plot emphasizes the temporal response pattern of different components of the ANS and thereby facilitates the investigation of the kinetics of action of drugs affecting the ANS. We used this method to measure the activity of cholinergic drugs in freely moving Sabra rats. Bolus atropine doses between 0.5 and 2 mg/kg produced a similar magnitude of effect, reduction of the ascending slope by 0.003 power units/h, whereas the duration of this effect was dose dependent. A lower atropine dose (0.1 mg/kg) or 0.5 mg/kg scopolamine elevated the slope (0.074 and 0.054 power units/h for 206 and 216 min, respectively). The method was used similarly to assess the interaction between cholinergic drugs. Pretreatment with pyridostigmine produced temporal blockage of the anticholinergic activity of atropine.