The Catalytic Domain of Protein Kinase C-δ in Reciprocal δ and ϵ Chimeras Mediates Phorbol Ester-induced Macrophage Differentiation of Mouse Promyelocytes

Qiming J. Wang, Peter Acs, JoAnne Goodnight, Thomas Giese, Peter M. Blumberg, Harald Mischak, J. Frederic Mushinski
1997 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The overexpression of protein kinase C-␦ (PKC-␦), but not PKC-⑀, enables the mouse myeloid cell line 32D to differentiate into macrophages when treated with phorbol esters such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). To determine the domain of PKC-␦ that is responsible for this isotype-specific function, cDNAs that encode reciprocal chimeras of PKC-␦ and -⑀ (PKC-␦⑀ and PKC-⑀␦) were constructed by exchanging regulatory and kinase domains using polymerase chain reaction technology. Both
more » ... meras were stably expressed in 32D cells using the pLTR expression vector and displayed protein kinase activity upon TPA treatment. TPA treatment of L⑀␦, cells that overexpressed the PKC-⑀␦ chimera, induced a dramatically increased cell volume, surface adherence, surface expression of Mac-1 and Mac-3, lysozyme production, and phagocytosis. These are the characteristics of the macrophage phenotype found in TPA-treated 32D cells that overexpressed PKC-␦. In contrast, little effect was seen in L␦⑀, 32D cells that overexpressed PKC-␦⑀, with or without TPA treatment. A PKC inhibitor directed toward the catalytic domain of PKC, GF109203X, and a selective inhibitor of PKC-␦, Rottlerin, blocked the TPA-induced differentiation of PKC-⑀␦overexpressing 32D cells. These results demonstrate that the catalytic domain of PKC-␦ contains the primary determinants for its activity in phorbol ester-induced macrophage differentiation.
doi:10.1074/jbc.272.1.76 pmid:8995230 fatcat:fzbbpnr5tnar3fmlygq4oril7q