Variability and factor analysis of morphological and productive characteristics of species of the genus Amaranthus

Vesna Vujacic
2005 Genetika  
Vujačić V. (2005): Variability and factor analysis of morphological and productive characteristics of species of the genus Vol. 37, No. 1,[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13] Ten genotypes of amaranth were being studied for three years. Morphological and productive characteristics -plant height, foliage per plant, average foliage length, average foliage width, mass per plant, and seed mass per plant were the subject of this research. Variability of these traits was analyzed and
more » ... tion of the genotypes by the method of major components was conducted. Variability within a specific trait was significant. In case of the plant height it ranged between 93.18 cm (genotype 9 -A. cruentus) and 160.78 cm (genotype 1 -A mantegazzianus); foliage per plant raged between 12.89 (genotype 10 -A cruentus) and 23.46 (genotype 1 -A mantegazzianus); average foliage length varied from 14.77 cm (genotype 9 -A cruentus) to 26.72 cm (genotype 1 -A mantegazzianus); average foliage width ranged between 6.30 cm (genotype 9 -A cruentus) and 14.46 cm (genotype 1 -A mantegazzianus); foliage mass per plant ranged between 94.05 g (genotype 3 -A molleros) and 246.81 g (genotype 1 -A mantegazzianus). Seed mass per plant varied from 45.56 g (genotype 3 -A molleros) to 67.55 g (genotype 1 -A mantegazzianus). The major components method, i.e. factor analysis indicated that the characteristics such as: plant height, average foliage length and average foliage width, had a significant factor loading with the first factor. These traits are of a crucial importance for genotype variability. Foliage number and foliage mass were significantly correlated with the second factor, meaning that they were of a minor importance for the genotype variability. Such results offer guidance with respect to the plant modeling, i.e. indicate how to proceed with the breeding program of this species.
doi:10.2298/gensr0501001v fatcat:3gv444dplrhcnjnx5yifupxpn4