Prevalence of dermatophytes and other fungal agents from clinical specimens at a tertiary care hospital

Smita Sahebrao Mundhe, Khushboo Chaudahri
2017 MedPulse International Journal of Microbiology   unpublished
Superficial fungal infections are the most common skin diseases, affecting millions of people throughout the world. The present study was undertaken to isolate dermatophytes and other fungal agents from clinical specimens and to assess the clinico-epidemiological profile of dermatophytic infection. Material and Methods: A total of 100 clinically diagnosed, randomly selected cases of skin, hair and nail infection, of all age groups and of both sexes were studied. The specimens for the study were
more » ... for the study were skin scrapings, hair pluckings and nail clippings. Identification of the causative pathogen was done by performing KOH mount, culture on SDA and DTM, lactophenol cotton blue mountand urease tests. Results: Most common age group affected was 31-40 years with 38 cases (38%).Males were more commonly affected with 68 cases than females with 32 cases.Out of 100 cases, most common clinical type was Tinea corporis with 30 cases (30%) followed by Tinea unguium (26%).A total of 67 cases (67%) were positive by both microscopy and culture. Out of 67 dermatophytes isolated, T. rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, T. tonsuransand E. floccosumwere 34%, 27%, 4%, and 2% respectively. Discussion: Tinea corporis was the commonest clinical type. Dermatophyte infections are very common in this region where hot and humid climate in association with poor hygienic conditions play an important role in the growth of these fungi.