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In this paper, we investigate the joint design of a transmit beampattern and angular waveform (AW) for colocated multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radars. The importance of the AW in the proposed signal processing strategy is first clarified, and then, two optimization models are established, which are aimed at either the power spectral density (PSD) design or the spectral compatibility and similarity design of the AW. There are two main differences between the proposed models and existing<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13173392">doi:10.3390/rs13173392</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zhqunkgxtjazfmu67naqyokze4">fatcat:zhqunkgxtjazfmu67naqyokze4</a> </span>
more »... odels. First, instead of matching a desired template or maximizing the transmit power on specific regions, the transmit beampattern in this paper is optimized to approach several key points, which guarantees the high transmit gain and the flexible adjustment of each beam gain. Second, instead of optimizing the performance of the transmit waveform, only the characteristics of the AW are examined, and they can be constrained quantitatively according to their relationship with the transmit gain. The two models can be unified into the same framework, and an efficient algorithm is proposed to solve the problem under a constant modulus constraint. The convergence of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated, and some improvements to reduce the computational complexity are proposed. Numerical simulations showed that compared to the existing methods, the proposed approach can be used to obtain a higher transmit gain, flexibly adjust each beam gain, and more accurately control the PSD, spectral compatibility, and similarity of the AW. Moreover, numerical simulations showed that, compared to the use of existing methods, the proposed algorithm has higher computational efficiency.
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