Unpacking cognitive skills engaged in web-search: how can log files, eye movements, and cued-retrospective reports help? An in-depth qualitative case study

Esther Argelagós, Saskia Brand Gruwel, Halszka M. Jarodzka, Manoli Pifarré
2018 International Journal of Innovation and Learning  
University of Exeter (U.K.). Nowadays, she leads the Context and Cognition with ICT research group (www.contic.udl.cat). Her interest of research is based on how ICT shape subject's cognition. Unpacking cognitive skills engaged in web-search: how can log files, eye movements, and cued-retrospective reports help? An in-depth qualitative case study Search the Internet with a specific purpose has become an important activity. Educational research informs that a better understanding of the
more » ... skills involved in this activity is needed, but it is not clear which research techniques can be used for this purpose. One student performed a web-search task and was registered by three different techniques: log files, eye movements, and cuedretrospective reports. With a qualitative analysis, we attempt to provide a twofold contribution: (1) a thorough analysis about the information retrieved from the three techniques separately, and (2) developing a methodology for integrating the information captured from the three techniques. Results showed that log files and eye movements gave insight into cognitive outcomes of skills, and cuedretrospective delivered self-explanations of cognitive and regulation activities. This integration provided an overall and comprehensive picture of the cognitive skills performed and allowed building a synergism among the information captured from each technique.
doi:10.1504/ijil.2018.094069 fatcat:x4msu4u525doxizopoz4dotvfm