Acute biliary pancreatitis during pregnancy and post delivery period

Semih Hot
2019 Turkish Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery  
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis has an incidence of approximately 1 in 1000 to 5000 pregnancies, and is most often seen in the third trimester or the postpartum period. The most common cause of pregnancy-related acute pancreatitis is cholelithiasis, which accounts for more than 65% of cases. The aim of this study was to present a detailed analysis of 4 years of experience with cases of acute biliary pancreatitis related to pregnancy from a single center. METHODS: The medical records of 55
more » ... tive patients who were hospitalized in the emergency surgery clinic for acute biliary pancreatitis related to pregnancy between January 1, 2014 and January 1, 2018 were examined in this single-center, retrospective study. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients with acute biliary pancreatitis related to pregnancy were included in the study. Of the 55 women, 13 (24%) were in the pregnant group, 28 (51%) in the postpartum (6 weeks) group, and 14 (25%) were in the 1-year (6 weeks-1 year) group. There was no statistically significant difference between the 3 groups. The most appropriate treatment for each patient was targeted. Six (10%) patients had recurrent acute pancreatitis. There was no maternal or fetal mortality or morbidity. CONCLUSION: Acute biliary pancreatitis related to pregnancy is not limited to pregnant women, and the incidence of these cases was greater than expected. Acute biliary pancreatitis related to pregnancy can be successfully managed with conservative treatment because it usually has a mild to moderate clinical course. However, the surgeon should keep an early cholecystectomy in mind for patients other than those in the first trimester.
doi:10.14744/tjtes.2019.03846 fatcat:2lre4pndezfwtfxk5znvisezcu