Non-indigenous species contribute equally to biofouling communities in international vs local ports in the Biobío region, Chile

Jean-Charles Leclerc, Frédérique Viard, Elizabeth González Sepúlveda, Christian Díaz, José Neira Hinojosa, Karla Pérez Araneda, Francisco Silva, Antonio Brante
2018 Figshare  
Growing coastal urbanization together with the intensification of maritime traffic are major processes explaining the increasing rate of biological introductions in marine environments. To investigate the link between international maritime traffic and the establishment of non-indigenous species (NIS) in coastal areas, biofouling communities in three international and three nearby local ports along 100 km of coastline in south-central Chile were compared using settlement panels and rapid
more » ... ent surveys. A larger number of NIS was observed in international ports, as expected in these 'invasion hubs'. However, despite a few environmental differences between international and local ports, the two port categories did not display significant differences regarding NIS establishment and contribution to community structure over the studied period (1.5 years). In international ports, the free space could be a limiting factor for NIS establishment. The results also suggest that local ports should be considered in NIS surveillance programs in Chile.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.7249934 fatcat:y4nzpaulcjh4vhici6seqbeacm