Substance Use and Mental Health Trends Among U.S. Military Active Duty Personnel: Key Findings From the 2008 DoD Health Behavior Survey

Robert M. Bray, Michael R. Pemberton, Marian E. Lane, Laurel L. Hourani, Mark J. Mattiko, Lorraine A. Babeu
2010 Military medicine  
Objective: Examine stibstance use atid mental health issues among U.S. military personnel. Methods: Data were from the 2(X)8 (and before) population-based Department of Defense Health Related Behavior Surveys. The sample size for the 2008 survey was 28.546 (70.6% response rate). Results: Analyses examined substance use, stress, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicidal ideation and attempts, deployment, and job satisfaction. Trends show reductions in tobacco use and illicit
more » ... g use. but increases in prescription drug misuse, heavy alcohol use, stress, PTSD, and suicidal attempts. Deployment exacerbated some of these behavior changes. Despite the demanding lifestyle, job satisfaction was high. Conclusions: The military has shown progress in decreasing cigarette smoking and illicit drug use. Additional emphasis should be placed on understanding increases in prescription drug misuse, heavy alcohol use, PTSD. and suicide aiiempts. and on planning additional effective interventions and prevention programs. Challenges remain in understanding and addressing military mental health needs. Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number.
doi:10.7205/milmed-d-09-00132 pmid:20572470 fatcat:ujsgxcnszjbvxetoeyjuzp4awe