Predicting reading and mathematics from neural activity for feedback learning

Sabine Peters, Mara Van der Meulen, Kiki Zanolie, Eveline A. Crone
2017 Developmental Psychology  
Although many studies use feedback learning paradigms to study the process of learning in laboratory settings, little is known about their relevance for real-world learning settings such as school. In a large developmental sample (N ϭ 228, 8 -25 years), we investigated whether performance and neural activity during a feedback learning task predicted reading and mathematics performance 2 years later. The results indicated that feedback learning performance predicted both reading and mathematics
more » ... erformance. Activity during feedback learning in left superior dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) predicted reading performance, whereas activity in presupplementary motor area/anterior cingulate cortex (pre-SMA/ACC) predicted mathematical performance. Moreover, left superior DLPFC and pre-SMA/ACC activity predicted unique variance in reading and mathematics ability over behavioral testing of feedback learning performance alone. These results provide valuable insights into the relationship between laboratory-based learning tasks and learning in school settings, and the value of neural assessments for prediction of school performance over behavioral testing alone.
doi:10.1037/dev0000234 pmid:28026194 fatcat:wi3cmjlwurgcfbx6hmjt4yyue4