The prospects for the implementation of the Pulkovo Observatory observational program at the Assy-Turgen observatory
Publications of the Pulkovo_Observatory
Перспективы реализации наблюдательных программ ГАО РАН в обсерватории Ассы-Тургень
The progress of the observational programs of the Pulkovo observatory involves the transfer of some of them to regions with conducive astroclimatic conditions. The ability of the Assy-Turgen observatory (MPC = 217, h = 2700 m) operated by the Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute (AFIF), (Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan) causes great interest in this context. The 40-cm telescope MEADE LX200 (Pulkovo Observatory) was transported to this site in 2022. In addition, it became possible to claim part of
... observational time of the 1.5-meter AZT-20 telescope, which provides imaging both in the photometric mode in the griz bands and in the spectroscopic mode. The test observations were made with these instruments in August 2022. The present paper discusses the results of these observations and the prospects for further implementation of the Pulkovo observational programs at the Assy-Turgen observatory. It is shown that a positional accuracy better than 50 mas was reached with the 40-cm telescope measurements of the distant satellites of Jupiter and Saturn. Photometric measurements with this telescope allow us to obtain an accuracy of 0.02m. These are competitive values for many types of observations which will be significantly improved after the necessary deep alignment of the telescope optics. The astrometric accuracy of less than 20 mas is reachable with the AZT-20 telescope of this observatory (according to the internal convergence of astrometric measurements observations of the Uranian satellites). Spectral observations of the 61 Cygnus binary system were performed with this instrument in order to develop the method for determining the relative radial velocities. This is necessary to improve the accuracy of determining the orbital parameters of the binary star systems and searching for low-mass components and exoplanets.