A Game Theoretic Analysis for Cooperative Smart Farming
The application of Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine Learning (ML) to the agricultural industry has enabled the development and creation of smart farms and precision agriculture. The growth in the number of smart farms and potential cooperation between these farms has given rise to the Cooperative Smart Farming (CSF) where different connected farms collaborate with each other and share data for their mutual benefit. This data sharing through CSF has various advantages where individual data
... om separate farms can be aggregated by ML models and be used to produce actionable outputs which then can be utilized by all the farms in CSFs. This enables farms to gain better insights for enhancing desired outputs, such as crop yield, managing water resources and irrigation schedules, as well as better seed applications. However, complications may arise in CSF when some of the farms do not transfer high-quality data and rather rely on other farms to feed ML models. Another possibility is the presence of rogue farms in CSFs that want to snoop on other farms without actually contributing any data. In this paper, we analyze the behavior of farms participating in CSFs using game theory approach, where each farm is motivated to maximize its profit. We first present the problem of defective farms in CSFs due to lack of better data, and then propose a ML framework that segregates farms and automatically assign them to an appropriate CSF cluster based on the quality of data they provide. Our proposed model rewards the farms supplying better data and penalize the ones that do not provide required data or are malicious in nature, thus, ensuring the model integrity and better performance all over while solving the defective farms problem.