Pattern of Impacted Mandibular Third Molar in Patients Presenting to Tertiary Care Hospital in Chitwan, Nepal

Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Safal Dhungel
2019 Orthodontic Journal of Nepal  
Impacted third molars are a major cause of visit to the oral surgeon and are associated with various complications like pain, inflammation of associated soft tissue and trismus leading to a need for their surgical removal. They are widely classified on the basis of angulation, depth and position as evident from orthopantomogram however they present in a diverse panorama of patterns each presenting different level of difficulty and different techniques for their removal. Our study describes
more » ... rent pattern of impacted lower third molars and perform brief literature review of dental and skeletal implications of impacted third molars. Materials & Method: A retrospective study was designed in which 401 orthopantomogram were examined and the sex of patient, side of impaction and winters angulation based classification, depth and position classification as given by Pell and Gregory were recorded. Descriptive data analysis was performed with SPSS version 24 software. Result: Out of total number of impactions 191(47.6%) were in females and 210(52.4%) were in males. Right sided impaction was seen in 199(49.6%) cases and 202(50.4%) were seen on left side. Mesioangular impaction was most common 203(50.6%) followed by distoangular 97(24.2%), horizontal 51(12.7%) and vertical 17(4.2%). Most common depth level of impaction was level I with 203(50.6%) followed by level II 178(44.4%) and level III 20(5%). Most common position was position B 355(88.5%) followed by position A 43(10.7%) and position C 3(0.7%). The most common pattern was IB (n=170) and IIB (n=166). Conclusion: The most common impaction is mesioangular followed by distoangular and horizontal. Most of the impacted third molars are in moderately difficult position.
doi:10.3126/ojn.v9i2.28412 fatcat:rrjigmhhyvecri64nzspx2coca