As gravuras rupestres da bacia do baixo rio Urubu: levantamento e análise gráfica do sítio Caretas, Itacoatiara - Estado do Amazonas. Uma proposta de contextualização
As gravuras rupestres da bacia do baixo rio Urubu: levantamento e análise gráfica do sítio Caretas, Itacoatiara -Estado do Amazonas. Uma proposta de contextualização. VOLUME 1 Linha de Pesquisa: Representações simbólicas em arqueologia Versão corrigida São Paulo 2014 3 Aos povos que gravaram as caretas do rio Urubu. ABSTRACT This thesis presents the results of research seeking to archaeologically contextualize the precolonial production of engraved rock art in the Lower Urubu River drainage
... zonas State, Brazil). With the objective of characterizing the rock art of this region, I carried out an intensive research project at the site AM-IT-31 Caretas, which has the highest density and formal variability of rock art in the entire area. Spatial control of both the petroglyphs and other archaeological remains at the site was established to permit their complete and systematic documentation. The records were organized in a relational database, allowing for the analysis of the relationships between different sets of evidence. In order to characterize the placement of rock art within the archaeological landscape, I studied its chronological and cultural relationships with the adjoining archaeological site AM-IT-30 Pedra Chata where ceramics occur in a matrix of "dark earth". The chronology of the engravings has been correlated to the fluvial dynamics. Thanks to three dates a minimum age has been proposed for the petroglyphs and a paleoenviromental model suggests their maximum age. Preliminary results point to site formation during the late Holocene in synchrony with ceramic period occupations. The analysis of petroglyphs indicates some homogeneity in regard to themes and graphic representation. This suggest a internal consistency in design despite some formal variability.