Improved synthesis of 1,3,4-thiadiazolium-2-phenylamines using microwave and ultrasound irradiation and investigation of their cytotoxic activity

Camilla Moretto dos Reis, Juliana Echevarria-Lima, Amanda Fraga Miranda, Aurea Echevarria
2011 Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society  
Uma nova e eficiente síntese de oito derivados da classe 1,3,4-tiadiazolio-2-fenilaminas (1-8, sendo o derivado 8 inédito na literatura) foi realizada utilizando cloreto de tionila ou cloreto de trimetilsilano como catalisadores sob irradiação de microondas ou ultra-som. Os compostos alvos foram obtidos em bons rendimentos e em tempo extraordinariamente curtos, 5 min sob irradiação de microondas e 10 min sob irradiação de ultra-som, quando comparados com a metodologia tradicional (24 a 48 h em
more » ... onal (24 a 48 h em repouso a temperatura ambiente). Os melhores rendimentos foram obtidos usando irradiação de microondas e, de maneira geral, usando o cloreto de tionila ao invés de cloreto de trimetilsilano. A citotoxicidade foi avaliada frente à linhagem de leucemia humana K562 e do linfoma Daudi, apresentando resultados promissores para o derivado cloreto de 4-fenil-5-(4'-nitro-estiril)-1,3,4-tiadiazolio-2-fenilamina. A new and efficient synthesis of eight 1,3,4-thiadiazolium-2-phenylamine derivatives (1-8, where 8 is novel in the literature) was performed using thionyl chloride or trimethylsilyl chloride as catalysts under microwave or ultrasound irradiation. The target compounds were obtained in good yields and remarkably short times, 5 min under microwave irradiation and 10 min under ultrasound irradiation, where compared to traditional methodology (24 to 48 h at room temperature standing). The best yields were obtained using the microwave irradiation and, in general way, using thionyl chloride instead trimethylsilyl chloride. The cytotoxicity against K562 human leukemia and Daudi lymphoma lines was evaluated and showed promising results from the 4-phenyl-5-(4'nitro-styryl)-1,3,4-thiadiazolium-2-phenylamine chloride derivative.
doi:10.1590/s0103-50532011000800014 fatcat:uxm2u64pgndlpprsbgqus3uiaq