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The Contribution of Environmental Siting and Permitting Requirements to the Cost of Energy for Ocean Current Devices - Reference Model #4
Responsible deployment of marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) devices in estuaries, coastal areas, and major rivers requires that biological resources and ecosystems be protected through siting and permitting (consenting) processes. Scoping appropriate deployment locations, collecting pre-installation (baseline) and post-installation data all add to the cost of developing MHK projects, and hence to the cost of energy. Under the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy, Pacific Northwest Nationaldoi:10.2172/1171906 fatcat:rm2d4pn2zzgcfem2jkksljiooe