Basic FGF decreases clearance receptor of natriuretic peptides in fetoplacental artery endothelium

Hiroaki Itoh, Jing Zheng, Ian M. Bird, Kazuwa Nakao, Ronald R. Magness
1999 American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology  
Basic FGF decreases clearance receptor of natriuretic peptides in fetoplacental artery endothelium. Am. J. Physiol. 277 (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 46): R541-R547, 1999.-Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is present in the fetoplacental circulation of humans and sheep. The ANP-A receptor is the specific membrane receptor for ANP, which produces cGMP. The clearance receptor of natriuretic peptide (CR) is postulated to modulate local concentrations of ANP, thereby modulating cGMP
more » ... on through the ANP-A receptor. Recently we reported that fetoplacental basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and cGMP levels are increased dramatically during the third trimester of ovine gestation. Therefore we hypothesized that bFGF will downregulate CR expression in cultured ovine fetoplacental artery endothelial (OFPAE) cells via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal cascade mechanism, thereby causing augmentation of ANP-mediated cGMP production. Western analysis and/or RT-PCR of CR expression were performed after treatment of OFPAE cells with bFGF (10 pg/ml-1 µg/ml) with or without 50 µM PD-98059, a selective inhibitor of MAPK kinase. To investigate the possible effects of CR downregulation on the functional modulation of ANP-A receptor activation, cGMP production (20 min) by OFPAE cells was measured in response to ANP (10 pM-1 µM) with or without pretreatment (24 h) of 10 ng/ml bFGF. CR expression in OFPAE cells was dose dependently downregulated by 1-10 ng/ml bFGF treatment (maximum Ϫ69%), which was completely reversed by pretreatment with PD-98059. Treatment of OFPAE cells with 10 ng/ml bFGF (24 h) did not alter maximum ANP-A activity (cGMP production/20 min), but decreased the apparent ED 50 of ANP to stimulate cGMP production from 2.5 to 0.83 nM, suggesting the possibility that bFGF-mediated downregulation of CR may elevate ANP-mediated cGMP production responses. Thus bFGF downregulates CR mRNA and protein expressions via the MAPK cascade in OFPAE cells.
doi:10.1152/ajpregu.1999.277.2.r541 pmid:10444562 fatcat:ld3k5fv655gqzlhl77gclwtjte