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Giant planet upper atmospheres have long been observed to be significantly hotter than expected. Magnetosphere-atmosphere coupling processes give rise to auroral emissions and enormous energy deposition near the magnetic poles, explaining high temperatures for narrow regions of the planet. However, global circulation models have difficulty redistributing auroral energy globally due to the strong Coriolis forces and ion drag. Heating by solar photons is insufficient at giant planets, and yetdoi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-275557/v1 fatcat:n4sb6z2ivzekfkwyawt2zkjbzy