Decadal Change of Heavy Snowfall over Northern China in the mid-1990s and Associated Background Circulations

Botao Zhou, Zunya Wang, Bo Sun, Xin Hao
2020 Journal of Climate  
Analyses of observation data from 1961 to 2014 by using the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) method indicate that the primary mode (a monosign pattern) of heavy snowfall over northern China in winter shows evident variations from a negative polarity to a positive polarity in the mid-1990s. Associated with this decadal change, the southward displacement of the polar front jet stream and northward shift of the subtropical jet stream in the upper troposphere are apparent. Accordingly, a
more » ... ordingly, a negative height anomaly dominates the region from Lake Balkhash to Lake Baikal and a positive height anomaly occupies the mid-latitudes of the North Pacific in the middle troposphere. Such anomalous patterns in the middle and high troposphere correspond approximately to the northern mode of the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) and may favor the interaction of cold airs with moist airflows over northern China, which are helpful to increase local heavy snowfall. Further investigation shows that the shift in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) from a cold phase to a warm phase in the 1990s may also play a role, through its linkage to the above atmospheric circulations with the aid of a downstream propagation of wave train that emanates from the Atlantic Ocean.
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-19-0815.1 fatcat:xxkdzf3h4zf55e2abr7jcn5o7m