Longer preservation of cardiac performance by sheet-shaped myoblast implantation in dilated cardiomyopathic hamsters

H KONDOH, Y SAWA, S MIYAGAWA, S SAKAKIDAKITAGAWA, I MEMON, N KAWAGUCHI, N MATSUURA, T SHIMIZU, T OKANO, H MATSUDA
2006 Cardiovascular Research  
Objectives: Cell therapy is a promising strategy for ischemic cardiomyopathy. However, the direct injection method has limitations for generalized cell delivery, especially in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We hypothesized that a sheet-shaped myoblast graft would be superior to direct injection for improving cardiac performance in DCM. Methods: Male 27-week-old BIO TO-2 (DCM) hamsters that showed moderate cardiac remodeling were used as recipients. Myoblasts isolated from BIO F1B hamsters were
more » ... F1B hamsters were cultured on dishes coated with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), a temperature-responsive polymer, and spontaneously detached as a sheet-shaped graft at 20 -C without enzymatic treatment. Three different therapies were conducted: (1) sheetshaped myoblast graft implantation (S group, n = 29); (2) myoblast injection (M group, n = 28); and (3) sham operation (C group, n = 28). In the S group, two sheet-shaped myoblast grafts were implanted on the left ventricle (LV) wall, and in the M group, myoblasts were injected into the right ventricle (RV) and LV walls. Results: After the sheet-shaped myoblast grafts were implanted, echocardiography demonstrated that the dilated LV dimension was significantly reduced, whereas the hearts in other groups showed a progression of LV dilation. The fractional shortening in the M and C groups decreased significantly while that in the S group was maintained at the preoperative level for 3 months after the operation. Histological examination demonstrated that in the S group, the LV wall thickness was increased, with viable myoblasts, and myocardial fibrosis was decreased compared with the other groups. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated alpha-sarcoglycan and beta-sarcoglycan expression on the basement membrane of the cardiomyocytes in the S group but not in the other groups. The life expectancy was significantly prolonged in the S group. Conclusion: Sheet-shaped myoblast graft implantation improved cardiac performance and prolonged life expectancy, associated with a reduction in myocardial fibrosis and re-organization of the cytoskeletal proteins in DCM hamsters. Thus, sheet-shaped autologous myoblast graft implantation may induce restoration of the heart in DCM.
doi:10.1016/j.cardiores.2005.11.005 pmid:16423569 fatcat:ikmbzrnjnfdnfptm55tgyvt5oe