Az önvezető autók lehetséges hatásai az életmódra és a gazdaságra

József Banyár
2019 Polgári szemle  
Issued January 2014, SAE international's J3016 provides a common taxonomy and definitions for automated driving in order to simplify communication and facilitate collaboration within technical and policy domains. It defines more than a dozen key terms, including those italicized below, and provides full descriptions and examples for each level. The report's six levels of driving automation span from no automation to full automation. A key distinction is between level 2, where the human driver
more » ... the human driver performs part of the dynamic driving task, and level 3, where the automated driving system performs the entire dynamic driving task. These levels are descriptive rather than normative and technical rather than legal. They imply no particular order of market introduction. Elements indicate minimum rather than maximum system capabilities for each level. A particular vehicle may have multiple driving automation features such that it could operate at different levels depending upon the feature(s) that are engaged. System refers to the driver assistance system, combination of driver assistance systems, or automated driving system. Excluded are warning and momentary intervention systems, which do not automate any part of the dynamic driving task on a sustained basis and therefore do not change the human driver's role in performing the dynamic driving task. Key definitions in J3016 include (among others): Dynamic driving task includes the operational (steering, braking, accelerating, monitoring the vehicle and roadway) and tactical (responding to events, determining when to change lanes, turn, use signals, etc.) aspects of the driving task, but not the strategic (determining destinations and waypoints) aspect of the driving task. Driving mode is a type of driving scenario with characteristic dynamic driving task requirements (e.g., expressway merging, high speed cruising, low speed traffic jam, closed-campus operations, etc.). Request to intervene is notification by the automated driving system to a human driver that s/he should promptly begin or resume performance of the dynamic driving task. P141661 System System System All driving modes Contact: SAE INTERNATIONAL +1.724.776.4841 • Global Ground Vehicle Standards
doi:10.24307/psz.2019.1210 fatcat:7f4w4nnzc5hrzotloj46dnjx3a