Gadolinium‐containing carbon nanomaterials for magnetic resonance imaging: Trends and challenges

Andrés Rodríguez‐Galván, Margarita Rivera, Patricia García‐López, Luis A. Medina, Vladimir A. Basiuk
2020 Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine  
Gadolinium-containing carbon nanomaterials are a new class of contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging. They are characterized by a superior proton relaxivity to any current commercial gadolinium contrast agent and offer the possibility to design multifunctional contrasts. Intense efforts have been made to develop these nanomaterials because of their potential for better results than the available gadolinium contrast agents. The aim of the present work is to provide a review of the
more » ... in research on gadolinium-containing carbon nanomaterials and their advantages over conventional gadolinium contrast agents. Due to their enhanced proton relaxivity, they can provide a reliable imaging contrast for cells, tissues or organs with much smaller doses than currently used in clinical practice, thus leading to reduced toxicity (as shown by cytotoxicity and biodistribution studies). Their active targeting capability allows for improved MRI of molecular or cellular targets, overcoming the limited labelling capability of available contrast agents (restricted to physiological irregularities during pathological conditions). Their potential of multifunctionality encompasses multimodal imaging and the combination of imaging and therapy.
doi:10.1111/jcmm.15065 pmid:32154648 fatcat:c2ismxm7j5diddexhvrbdrflla