The role of 18-FDG PET/CT assessment of functional brain metabolism in cancer patients after chemotherapy

Shady Mohamed Tarek Gamal, Amr Osama M. A. Azab, Sherif Mohamed El Refaei, Mohamed Houseni
2021 The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine  
Background Most neuropsychological studies on chemotherapy (CHT)-treated cancer survivors reported cognitive impairments in multiple domains such as executive functions, learning, memory, attention, verbal fluency, and speed of information processing. The CHT effects range from small to moderate, involving mostly the cognitive functions sub-served by frontal lobe. This study aimed to evaluate the role of PET/CT in the assessment of the effect of chemotherapy on the glucose metabolism in the
more » ... n in cancer patients after the chemotherapy treatment. Results This was a prospective study carried out in 2 years for patients who have done PET/CT scans for assessment of the change of the glucose uptake in the brain in pre- and in post-therapeutic state. A total number of 30 patients, 8 males and 22 females, were examined. The age of the patients ranged from 29 to 79 years (mean 57.9). Each patient underwent at least two PET/CT scans, first before the initiation of the therapy, and second was at least 3 months after starting the chemotherapy regimen. This study employed an adaptive threshold method, SCENIUM version 2.0.1. Automatic ROI identification was performed through around 10 regions of the brain. After segmentation of FDG uptake in the different brain regions of each subject, we measured average glucose uptake (SUVmean), registered by SCENIUM software. Conclusion There was significant reduction in the brain metabolism "FDG uptake" in all regions of the brain, mainly at the mesial temporal lobes as well as the frontal lobes. This metabolic change proves that chemotherapy has an adverse effect on the brain that can be objectively assessed with modern imaging techniques.
doi:10.1186/s43055-020-00403-y fatcat:cni3pnyxtnajve2qruykf7nkeu