Port and Supply-chain Security Initiatives in the United States, PRP 150
Chapter 3 addresses the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT), a joint-U.S. government/business initiative to build cooperative relationships designed to secure global supply chains. C-TPAT, a voluntary program, has become a key component of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) security enhancements in the post 9-11 environment and, therefore, is of significant importance to this report. The findings of a C-TPAT survey, administered electronically to members of the
... nal Transportation Industrial League (NITL), are also presented. In addition, the chapter describes supplychain security initiatives developed by the European Union and IBM Corporation. Chapter 4 highlights the World Customs Organization's (WCO) SAFE Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade (known as SAFE). SAFE compiles best practices for Customs administration security and trade facilitation, and establishes an agenda for business participation, authorization, and inter-country Customs communication. Also discussed is the role of the WCO within the international community, as well as its relationship with CBP. Chapters 5 through 11 contain seven case studies: Brazil and the Port of Santos; France and the Port of Marseille; Hong Kong and the Port of Hong Kong; India and the Port of Jawaharlal Nehru; Mexico and the Port of Veracruz; the Netherlands and the Port and Rotterdam; and South Africa and the Ports of Cape Town and Durban. Each case study consists of two parts. The first part examines national port security, Customs regimes, and national port administration. The second part provides an overview of security structures and processes implemented at specific ports, including the ISPS and the Container Security Initiative (CSI).