Polycomb-like 2 (Mtf2/Pcl2) is Required for Epigenetic Regulation of Hematopoiesis

Janet L. Rothberg, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
Polycomb proteins are epigenetic regulators that are critical in mediating gene repression at critical stages during development. Core and accessory proteins make up the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), which is responsible for trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone 3 (H3K27me3), leading to maintenance of chromatin compaction and sustained gene repression. Classically, Polycomb accessory proteins are often thought of as having minor roles in fine-tuning the repressive action of PRC2. Their
more » ... actions have often been attributed to chromatin recognition, targeting to specific loci and enhancing methyltransferase activity. In our previous work in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), we showed that Polycomb-like 2 (Mtf2/Pcl2) is critical for PRC2-mediated regulation of stem cell self-renewal through feed-forward control of the pluripotency network. In moving beyond the ESC model system, we sought to interrogate the role of Mtf2 in vivo by creating a gene-targeted knockout mouse model. Surprisingly, we discovered a tissue-specific role for Mtf2 in controlling erythroid maturation and hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal. Via its regulation of other PRC2 members, Mtf2 is critical for global H3K27me3 methylation at promoter-proximal sites in developing erythroblasts. Thus, Mtf2 is required for proper maturation of erythroblasts. Loss of Mtf2 also reduces HSC self-renewal leading to stem cell pool exhaustion. Additionally, misregulation of Mtf2 in leukemia models contributes to massive leukemic blast expansion at the expense of leukemic stem cell self-renewal. In the developing hematopoietic system, Mtf2 functions as a core complex member, controlling epigenetic regulation of self-renewal and maturation of both stem and committed cells.
doi:10.20381/ruor-281 fatcat:nlbpv7glrzg5lj2ntzna5vbofa