The Impact of Nanoparticles on the Immune System: A Gray Zone of Nanomedicine

Priyanka Ray, Noor Haideri, Inamul Haque, Omar Mohammed, Saborni Chakraborty, Snigdha Banerjee, Mohiuddin Quadir, Amanda Brinker, Sushanta Banerjee
2021 Journal of Immunological Sciences  
Since the early days marking the first use of nanomedicine in the early 80s, there has been a meaningful change in the scientific field involving the Fabrication, characterization, and application of nanomaterials to treat many diseases, including cancers and genetic disorders. As unique and attractive properties of this novel class of materials unraveled, significant advances and discoveries were made over time. Addressing several challenges posed by conventional therapy, which were the only
more » ... ailable treatment option for ailing patients, nanomedicine provided enhanced benefits, including reduced dosing, improved pharmacokinetics, and superior targeting efficiency. Several such formulations have successfully made their way to clinics and have shown promise in prolonging terminally ill patient populations' survival rates. However, the complex immune system and its various components, including various proteins and surface receptors, have made nanomaterials' journey from benchtop to the bedside a treacherous one. The innate and adaptive immune system interactions with nanomaterials are still under investigation and full of mysteries. This review highlights the various aspects of therapeutic nanocarriers and their current understanding of their immune systems' interactions.
doi:10.29245/2578-3009/2021/1.1206 fatcat:lzvhonooafdh3mt5gftztzn2cy