Lumbar degenerative disease after oblique lateral interbody fusion: sagittal spinopelvic alignment and its impact on low back pain
Background: The objective of the retrospective study was to investigated the incidence and risk factors of low back pain (LBP) in patients with lumbar degenerative disease after single-level oblique lateral interbody fusion(OLIF).Methods: In this retrospective study, 120 patients who undergoing single-level OLIF to treat lumbar degenerative disease were recruited. Preoperative and postoperative radiographic parameters, including segmental lordosis(SL), lumbar lordosis(LL), disk height(DH),
... c incidence(PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope(SS), thoracic kyphosis(TK), C7-sagittal vertical axis (SVA). Visual analog scale(VAS) for back and leg pain, and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), were used to evaluate symptoms and quantify disability. All patients achieved at least two-year follow-up.Results: A total of 120 Patients who complained low back pain were apportioned to LBP group (n=38; VAS scores for back pain≥3) or Non-LBP group (n=82;VAS scores for back pain<3). There was no difference in age(P=0.082), gender(P=0.425), body mass index(P=0.138), degenerative spondylolisthesis or lumbar spinal stenosis(P=0.529) surgical level(P=0.651), blood Loss (P=0.889) and operative time(P=0.731) between the groups. In both groups, the ODI and VAS scores for back pain and leg pain were significantly improved at the final follow-up compared to the preoperative scores (P=0.003). Furthermore, except for the LBP (P=0.000), there were no significant differences in these scores between the two groups at the final follow-up (P > 0.05). According to the radiographic parameters, in Non-LBP group, the LL, SL, DH, TK and SS had all significantly improved; PT and C7-SVA significantly decreased at the final follow-up compared to the preoperative values. The DH in both groups had significantly improved, no significant difference was found(P=0.325). In the final follow-up, LL, PI-LL, PT and C7-SVA in Non-LBP group had more improvements compared to the LBP group (P<0.05) . Multivariate analysis showed that PT, PI-LL and C7-SVA were identified as significant risk factors for LBP after OLIF.Conclusion: The clinical outcomes of OLIF for single-level lumbar degenerative disease were satisfactory. Our findings showed that PT, PI-LL mismatch and C7-SVA had the greatest impact on the incidence of LBP. Therefore, patients with appropriate decreased PT, improved C7-SVA and PI-LL match experienced less low back pain.