Flash floods: formation, study and distribution

Liudmila Kuksina, Valentin Golosov, O. Makarieva, D. Post
2020 E3S Web of Conferences  
Flash floods are one of the most widespread and dangerous phenomenon on our planet. They are characterized by fast speed of development and short duration. However their study just begins because there is no one opinion what flash flood is, and there is no special term in many countries. The key reasons of their formation are intensive rainfall of short duration, location of river basin in mountain areas, and small catchment area, providing fast concentration of the runoff in river channel.
more » ... her significant factor is antecedent soil moisture. Flash floods are mostly spread in zones of subtropic, tropic and equatorial climate in the northern hemisphere. The study of flash floods is implemented in various fields of science due to hydrometeorological and lythogeomorphological causes of their formation. The important task is the differentiation of flash floods and debris flows. It can be based on the relations between sediment yield and sediments grain size and runoff characteristics with a glance of sediments concentration. The scheme of natural factors of flash floods formation is suggested with their differentiation from debris flows and floods of other types. The main issues of flash floods research and forecast are connected with small spatio-temporal scale of phenomenon and remoteness of river basins.
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202016302005 fatcat:shfhb7rw6jcjbhjno7qrqfgumm