A Hierarchy with, of, and for Preposition Supersenses

Nathan Schneider, Vivek Srikumar, Jena D. Hwang, Martha Palmer
2015 Proceedings of The 9th Linguistic Annotation Workshop  
English prepositions are extremely frequent and extraordinarily polysemous. In some usages they contribute information about spatial, temporal, or causal roles/relations; in other cases they are institutionalized, somewhat arbitrarily, as case markers licensed by a particular governing verb, verb class, or syntactic construction. To facilitate automatic disambiguation, we propose a general-purpose, broadcoverage taxonomy of preposition functions that we call supersenses: these are coarse and
more » ... exicalized so as to be tractable for efficient manual annotation, yet capture crucial semantic distinctions. Our resource, including extensive documentation of the supersenses, many example sentences, and mappings to other lexical resources, will be publicly released. 2 Supersense inventories have also been described for nouns and verbs (Ciaramita and Altun, 2006; Schneider et al., 2012; Schneider and Smith, 2015) and adjectives . Other inventories characterize semantic functions expressed via morphosyntax: e.g., tense/aspect (Reichart and Rappoport, 2010), definiteness (Bhatia et al., 2014, also hierarchical).
doi:10.3115/v1/w15-1612 dblp:conf/acllaw/SchneiderSHP15 fatcat:hsfux3mruveblogkiklajrmvqa