ВОЛНОВОЙ ПАРАМЕТР КАК КРИТЕРИЙ В ОСНОВЕ МЕТОДА ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ АКУСТИЧЕСКИХ ИСТОЧНИКОВ ПРИ СТАРТЕ РАКЕТ

Виктор Петрович Фролов, Галина Ивановна Сокол, Владислав Юрьевич Котлов
2018 Авіаційно-космічна техніка та технологія  
The purpose of this work is to develop a method for determining the types of acoustic sources of radiation and their acoustic fields during the space rockets launch in the first seconds based on the wave parameter values. The main noise source during the space rocket launch is its propulsion system (PS). The cross-section of the nozzle is taken as the oscillation source. The theory of siren sound emission is based on the acoustic power calculation of a jet as a volume sound radiator or a
more » ... adiator or a radiator with a space velocity. In the model of a volumetric spherical radiator, the front of a spherical wave is a spherical surface, and the sound rays, according to the definition of the wave front, coincide with the radii of the sphere. As a result of the divergence of waves, the sound intensity decreases with distance from the source. The present work has a prospective character for clarifying the nature of the acoustic fields and for calculating the noise levels from the space rocket launch when designing the cosmodromes. In the requirements for the construction of such structures, the noise impact on the environment of infrasound radiation upon launching launch vehicles is identified. A method for determining the types of acoustic radiation sources during the space rocket launch and their acoustic fields has been developed. The method makes it possible to develop physical models of acoustic fields and apply known mathematical models to calculating their characteristics. The method is applicable for the study of acoustic emissions in the first seconds of the space rocket launch based on the determination of the wave parameter kR and allows us to provide valid data on the levels of sound pressure, intensity and acoustic power at specific points of airspace around the PS in the first seconds of the launch. The character of the acoustic wave radiation from a hole in a specific size gas flue has been studied. To calculate the acoustic characteristics, an algorithm and a program on Java programming language have been developed. Two models of acoustic field generation in the environment are described during the work of a rocket as a plane radiator and spherical waves, depending on the value of the wave parameter kR. A technique for calculating the noise of a remote control in the range for the first 1.5-4 seconds of the space rocket start time is developed
doi:10.32620/aktt.2018.3.01 fatcat:ffrmkfbhpjgzbfxiw2h5p6puji