Rab8a localisation and activation by Toll-like receptors on macrophage macropinosomes

Adam A. Wall, Nicholas D. Condon, Lin Luo, Jennifer L. Stow
2018 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Macropinocytosis is a prevalent and essential pathway in macrophages where it contributes to anti-microbial responses and innate immune cell functions. Cell surface ruffles give rise to phagosomes and to macropinosomes as multi-functional compartments that contribute to environmental sampling, pathogen entry, plasma membrane turnover and receptor signalling. Rapid, high resolution, lattice light sheet imaging demonstrates the dynamic nature of macrophage ruffling. Pathogen-mediated activation
more » ... surface and endosomal Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in macrophages upregulates macropinocytosis. Here, using multiple forms of imaging and microscopy, we track membrane-associated, fluorescently-tagged Rab8a expressed in live macrophages, using a variety of cell markers to demonstrate Rab8a localization and its enrichment on early macropinosomes. Production of a novel biosensor and its use for quantitative FRET analysis in live cells, pinpoints macropinosomes as the site for TLR-induced activation of Rab8a. We have previously shown that TLR signalling, cytokine outputs and macrophage programming are regulated by the GTPase Rab8a with PI3 Kγ as its effector. Finally, we highlight another effector, the phosphatase OCRL, which is located on macropinosomes and interacts with Rab8a, suggesting that Rab8a may operate on multiple levels to modulate phosphoinositides in macropinosomes. These findings extend our understanding of macropinosomes as regulatory compartments for innate immune function in macrophages. This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue 'Macropinocytosis'.
doi:10.1098/rstb.2018.0151 pmid:30966999 pmcid:PMC6304745 fatcat:qpbmnixxxvevxg3v3gkdhfckge