Arreglo institucional del mercado de trabajo en Aguascalientes: diseño corporativo de la estabilidad laboral
Institutional arrangement of the labor market in Aguascalientes: corporated design of the job stability

Pablo Gutiérrez Castorena
2016 DECUMANUS  
Primera versión recibida en: 02 de abril, 2016 Última versión recibida en: 26 de septiembre, 2016 Resumen En este artículo se explica cómo es que en los últimos 30 años se ha consolidado un tipo de política pública, que, simulando el desarrollo de Aguascalientes, ha impulsado un modelo industrial exitoso y dinámico para el país en los últimos 18 años. Este es uno que, apoyada esencialmente en la llamada estabilidad laboral (paz social y paz laboral producto de relaciones corporativas), ha
more » ... orativas), ha encubierto los verdaderos mecanismos de control obrero, que, al margen de la ley laboral mexicana, han culminado en la contención de conflictos de los trabajadores y de las huelgas en la región. El artículo muestra básicamente cómo los actores sociales locales se vieron en la necesidad de tener una visión que los llevara a reducir los índices e indicadores de radicalidad obrera; y en construir un ambiente propicio para el desarrollo industrial de la región. Con esta visión, la política pública fue la solución para sus problemas, ya que a través de todo un aparato de Estado, pudieron construir una Abstract This article explains how it is that in the last 30 years has established a type of public policy that simulating the development of the organization, has promoted a successful and dynamic industrial model for the country in the last 18 years. This is one which, based essentially on the called employment stability (social peace and labor peace product of corporate relations), has concealed the true mechanisms of workers' control, that regardless of the Mexican labor law, culminating in containing conflicts workers and strikes in the region. The article shows basically how local stakeholders were the need to have a vision to take them to reduce rates and indicators of labor radicalism; and building an enabling environment for industrial development of the region's environment. With this view, public policy was the solution to their problems, because through a whole state apparatus, were able to build a series of legal and informal mechanisms for the region-city of Aguascalientes was exempt from labor disputes and was a sufficiently attractive to foreign investment IED. And so, in this case, we can say that public policy created by local stakeholders culminated in the creation of developing a competitive industry based on intangible incentives such as the workers' control throughout the region. Therefore, the notion of development that is handled in this article is one denoting subordination of the public by the private, based on a legal logic and specific social relations of collusion between social actors geared to favor domestic capital and foreign; which it simulated, ultimately, development for the region.
doi:10.20983/decumanus.2016.1.4 fatcat:orxcqqtzajeijbpgutkw2hgigi