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Understanding Complex Systems
Our perceptions of cities until quite recently were that they were largely stable in spatial structure over long periods of time, decades, even centuries, and that this suggested that they were in equilibrium. Cities appeared similar from generation to generation and although there were superficial changes due to fashion and technology, their overall structures were unchanging. To a large extent, this view of cities in equilibrium is borne of thinking about them physically but as soon as wedoi:10.1007/978-3-319-42424-8_6 fatcat:m2j4exhj3je7zl4psltoi5mocy