Analysis of Glacier Run-Off and Meteorological Observations

Gudmundur Gudmundsson, Guttormur Sigbjarnarson
1972 Journal of Glaciology  
Linear models of the relationships between meteorological observations and the flow of river Tungnaá at the western margin of glacier Vatnajökull were investigated by means of spectral analysis and estimation of the impulse response. Most of the variation of Tungnaá is confined to the lowest frequencies and the diurnal variations. The temperature has most effect on the rapid variations around 1 cycle/day whereas the largest coherences with the precipitation are in the lowest frequencies. The
more » ... d explains over 20% of the variations in the frequency range from 0–1 cycle/day, but this is partly due to its coherence with the precipitation. The time lag between changes in the temperature and the river is about 2 h, but the time lag between precipitation and the river is longer. Analysis of longer records of daily observations from Ϸjórsá shows that the coherence of the run-off and temperature increases at frequencies too low to be estimated from these data. At frequencies over 1 cycle/day most of the observed variations of the river cannot be explained by means of a linear relationship with the meteorological series.
doi:10.1017/s0022143000022280 fatcat:lpjto2mqfng6jiuaiyjbhixpgm