A High-Computational Efficiency Human Detection and Flow Estimation Method Based on TOF Measurements

Weihang Wang, Peilin Liu, Rendong Ying, Jun Wang, Jiuchao Qian, Jialu Jia, Jiefeng Gao
2019 Sensors  
State-of-the-art human detection methods focus on deep network architectures to achieve higher recognition performance, at the expense of huge computation. However, computational efficiency and real-time performance are also important evaluation indicators. This paper presents a fast real-time human detection and flow estimation method using depth images captured by a top-view TOF camera. The proposed algorithm mainly consists of head detection based on local pooling and searching,
more » ... n refinement based on human morphological features, and tracking assignment filter based on dynamic multi-dimensional feature. A depth image dataset record with more than 10k entries and departure events with detailed human location annotations is established. Taking full advantage of the distance information implied in the depth image, we achieve high-accuracy human detection and people counting with accuracy of 97.73% and significantly reduce the running time. Experiments demonstrate that our algorithm can run at 23.10 ms per frame on a CPU platform. In addition, the proposed robust approach is effective in complex situations such as fast walking, occlusion, crowded scenes, etc.
doi:10.3390/s19030729 fatcat:mr7viq75bfdr3nzn2qvnz7nism