УМАНСЬКЕ УЧИЛИЩЕ САДІВНИЦТВА І ЗЕМЛЕРОБСТВА В ІСТОРІЇ ВІТЧИЗНЯНОЇ ОСВІТИ: ДО 175-РІЧЧЯ ЗАСНУВАННЯ УМАНСЬКОГО НАЦІОНАЛЬНОГО УНІВЕРСИТЕТУ САДІВНИЦТВА

Світлана Нижник
2019 Уманська старовина  
Світлана НИЖНИК, orcid.org/0000-0002-4777-8018 кандидат історичних наук, директор наукової бібліотеки Уманського національного університету садівництва (Україна, Умань) cvetn@meta.ua УМАНСЬКЕ УЧИЛИЩЕ САДІВНИЦТВА І ЗЕМЛЕРОБСТВА В ІСТОРІЇ ВІТЧИЗНЯНОЇ ОСВІТИ: ДО 175-РІЧЧЯ ЗАСНУВАННЯ УМАНСЬКОГО НАЦІОНАЛЬНОГО УНІВЕРСИТЕТУ САДІВНИЦТВА На основі методів історико-наукового аналізу, синтезу та узагальнення на широкій документній законодавчій основі із залученням маловідомих архівних матеріалів
more » ... процес становлення та діяльність Уманського училища садівництва і землеробства в 1859-1912 рр. Історіографічний аналіз показав, що наявні праці недостатньо повно розкривають основні аспекти проблеми, яка досліджується. У результаті проведеного дослідження виділено основні етапи в його діяльності. Акцентовано увагу на високому рівні професійної підготовки випускників училища. Приділено увагу визначенню аспектів, які потребують подальшої наукової розробки з вказаної проблеми. Ключові слова:. аграрна освіта, сільське господарство, сільськогосподарська наука, Уманське училище садівництва, навчальна діяльність, Черкащина. . Three main stages of its activity are marked out in the result of the conducted research. High level of professional preparation of the School graduates is pointed out. Attention is devoted to defining the aspects that require further research development in the field of the study. Based on historical and scientific methods of analysis, synthesis and generalization of a broad-based documentary and legislative framework, involving little known archival materials the paper reveals the process of formation and activity of Uman Specialized School of Horticulture and Agriculture in Historiographical analysis revealed that existent works on the subject do not bring out the main aspects of the problem to the full extent. Some scientists pay little attention to it in their studies in the context of other important problems of agricultural education. Since mid 50s of the XIX century specialized agricultural educational institutions played a significant role in the development of agricultural education in Ukraine. The median level of agricultural education was presented by three vocational schools of agriculture, among which Uman School became not only the educational center but also the base for practical and theoretical research. A prominent hub of technical training of people's teachers was the Main School of Gardening (Uman Specialized School of Horticulture and Agriculture (1868-1921), Uman National University of Horticulture at present), the first higher educational institution of horticulture in Russia. Attention is paid to the legislation, that regulated the activity of agricultural educational institutions including Uman School. Reasons for reorganization of the educational institution by government authorities were studied. Periodization of reorganization of the educational institution are distinguished. Changes in programs, education plans, practicals and in the economic complex of Uman School are considered on the ground of documentation With considerable practical training the school always honored its duty providing professional preparation of "scholars of management". A group of highly skilled lecturers was gradually formed in Uman Specialized School of Horticulture and Agriculture. In particular, V. V. Pashkevych, V.O. Pohhenpol, D.S. Levanda, A.M. Ro, P.H. Shytt, V.I. Edelshtein, I.I. Korablov and others. Uman Specialized School of Horticulture and Agriculture, as a specialized institution of secondary agricultural education, has undergone a complex path of its development, including several reorganizations and restructuring in the educational and practical structure. However, the most important feature of this system was the training of highly qualified gardening specialists. For high indicators in scientific and agricultural activities, exemplary exhibits, Uman Specialized School of Horticulture and Agriculture has repeatedly (over the years) been awarded the Gold Medal, Big Silver and Bronze Medals, honorary references, certificates of recognition and other awards. Attention is devoted to defi ning the aspects that require further research development in the fi eld of study.
doi:10.31499/2519-2035.6.2019.186719 fatcat:kqs2c5xy4jfq3dqoksd6hsgucq