EXPLORATION AND COLLECTION OF OIL PALM GERMPLASM FROM LITTLE ANDAMAN
Int. J. Bio-res. Env. Agril. Sci
Looking at grim genetic resource situation in India and difficulties in getting germplasm from source countries, an exploration was undertaken in commercial plantations ofANIFPDCL, Port Blair which was planted in Little Andaman during 1975-85, spread over an area of 1600 ha with five sources of material namely, IRHO, Dami, FELDA, NIFOR and Zaire. Random survey was made; fruit typing was done to ascertain varietal character; and the characteristic like number of bunches, palm height, mesocarp
... height, mesocarp content in fruits, size of fruit and bunches and yield were taken into consideration during palm selection. During the exploration nine collections were made in five above sources and bunch analysis were carried out. Among all the collections IRHO-1982-2 had high mesocarp (80.8%) and kernel (45.8%) oil content followed by ZAIRE-1984-2 (79.6%), NIFOR-1975-1 (77.2%), IRHO-1981-1 (76.4%) and ZAIRE-1984-1 (76%). The collections with high kernel oil content were IRHO-1982-1 (45.2%), followed by ZAIRE-1984-1 (45%), DM-1985-3 (45%) and NIFOR-1975-2 (44.2%). Interestingly, the fruit of accession NIFOR-1975-2 is virescen in colour and is dura having promiscuity towards its potential use in breeding programme. All these collections are likely to contribute to genetic variability for this species and provide scope for their utilization in future breeding programmes.