The presence of unexpected biases in online fact-checking

Sungkyu Park, Jaimie Yejean Park, Jeong-han Kang, Meeyoung Cha
2021 Harvard Kennedy School Misinformation Review  
The increasing amount of information online makes it challenging to judge what to believe or discredit. Fact-checking unverified claims shared on platforms, like social media, can play a critical role in correcting misbeliefs. The current study demonstrates how the effect of fact-checking can vary by several factors. We show that fact-checking helps self-correct one's views among young adults. However, this effect is weaker for individuals who perceived the claim negatively at first.
more » ... , borderline messages like "Lack of Evidence" can be perceived as false rather than neutral. We explain these biases via human cognitive mechanisms that avoid risk and uncertainty.
doi:10.37016/mr-2020-53 fatcat:36gmy3f46rexrpold6h64iy7uu