Severity Grading and Early Retinopathy Lesion Detection through Hybrid Inception-ResNet Architecture

Sana Yasin, Nasrullah Iqbal, Tariq Ali, Umar Draz, Ali Alqahtani, Muhammad Irfan, Abdul Rehman, Adam Glowacz, Samar Alqhtani, Klaudia Proniewska, Frantisek Brumercik, Lukasz Wzorek
2021 Sensors  
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a diabetes disorder that disturbs human vision. It starts due to the damage in the light-sensitive tissues of blood vessels at the retina. In the beginning, DR may show no symptoms or only slight vision issues, but in the long run, it could be a permanent source of impaired vision, simply known as blindness in the advanced as well as in developing nations. This could be prevented if DR is identified early enough, but it can be challenging as we know the disease
more » ... ently shows rare signs until it is too late to deliver an effective cure. In our work, we recommend a framework for severity grading and early DR detection through hybrid deep learning Inception-ResNet architecture with smart data preprocessing. Our proposed method is composed of three steps. Firstly, the retinal images are preprocessed with the help of augmentation and intensity normalization. Secondly, the preprocessed images are given to the hybrid Inception-ResNet architecture to extract the vector image features for the categorization of different stages. Lastly, to identify DR and decide its stage (e.g., mild DR, moderate DR, severe DR, or proliferative DR), a classification step is used. The studies and trials have to reveal suitable outcomes when equated with some other previously deployed approaches. However, there are specific constraints in our study that are also discussed and we suggest methods to enhance further research in this field.
doi:10.3390/s21206933 pmid:34696146 fatcat:kxkhieq4jbfs5af6o7bvivtp4i