Energy-momentum tensor of bouncing gravitons

Mikhail Z. Iofa
2015 Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics  
In models of the Universe with extra dimensions gravity propagates in the whole space-time. Graviton production by matter on the brane is significant in the early hot Universe. In a model of 3-brane with matter embedded in 5D space-time conditions for gravitons emitted from the brane to the bulk to return back to the brane are found. For a given 5-momentum of graviton falling back to the brane the interval between the times of emission and return to the brane is calculated. A method to
more » ... contribution to the energy-momentum tensor from multiple graviton bouncings is developed. Explicit expressions for contributions to the energy-momentum tensor of gravitons which have made one, two and three bounces are obtained and their magnitudes are numerically calculated. These expressions are used to solve the evolution equation for dark radiation. A relation connecting reheating temperature and the scale of extra dimension is obtained. For the reheating temperature T_R∼ 10^6 GeV we estimate the scale of extra dimension to be of order 10^-9 GeV (^-1∼ 10^-5 cm ).
doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/07/021 fatcat:cuicg3jztfa4hc3if6szexh3ea