Shock Breakout of Type II Plateau Supernova

Nozomu Tominaga, Tomoki Morokuma, Sergei I. Blinnikov
2011 Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union  
Type II-plateau supernovae (SNe II-P) are fainter than Type Ia SNe and thus have so far been observed only at z < 1. We introduce shock breakout and propose a distant SN II-P survey at z > 1 with shock breakout. The first observation of shock breakout from the rising phase is reported in 2008. We first construct a theoretical model reproducing the UV-optical light curves (LCs) of the first example and demonstrate that the peak apparent g-band magnitude of the shock breakout would be m g ∼ 26.4
more » ... ag if an identical SN occurs at a redshift z = 1, which can be reached by 8m-class telescopes. Furthermore, we present LCs of shock breakout of SN explosions with various main-sequence masses, metallicities, and explosion energies and derive the observable SN rate and reachable redshift as functions of filter and limiting magnitude by taking into account an initial mass function, cosmic star formation history, intergalactic absorption, and host galaxy extinction. The g-band observable SN rate with limiting magnitude 27.5 mag is 3.3 SNe deg −2 day −1 and half of them are located at z > 1.2.
doi:10.1017/s1743921312013609 fatcat:5cn5pr3z4nhppm666pwcvpg5tu