Experimental and Quantum Chemical Studies on the Corrosion Inhibition Potential of Phthalic Acid for Mild Steel in 0.1 M H2SO4
Chemical Sciences Journal
The corrosion inhibition potential of phthalic acid for mild steel in 0.1 M sulphuric acid was studied using experimental (weight loss, gasometric, FTIR and Scanning electron microscopy) and theoretical (semi empirical, Ab initio and DFT) approaches. Results obtained from weight loss measurements indicated that phthalic acid inhibited the corrosion of mild steel and recorded average and instantaneous maximum inhibition efficiencies of 55.48 and 87.34% at 303 K and at a concentration of 0.1 M
... tration of 0.1 M respectively. Thermodynamic/adsorption considerations revealed that the adsorption of the inhibitor is exothermic, spontaneous and supported the mechanism of physical adsorption. The adsorption behaviour of the inhibitor was best described by the Langmuir adsorption model. FTIR spectra obtained from the corrosion product of mild steel in the absence and presence of the inhibitor revealed the existence of interaction between the inhibitor and the metal surface due to some shifts in the functional groups of the compound after adsorption. Scanning electron micrographs of the corroded metal (in the absence and presence of the inhibitor) revealed that phthalic acid prevented the corrosion of mild steel by forming protective coverage on the surface of the metal. Calculated quantum chemical parameters were found to be in good agreement with those reported for some good corrosion inhibitors. Although results obtained from Ab initio calculations for condensed Fukui functions were slightly at variance with those obtained from DFT calculations, considerations of Huckel charges on the atoms of the molecule, bond length, HOMO and LUMO molecular orbital plots clearly supported DFT results which indicated that the sites for nucleophilic and electrophilic attacks corresponded to atoms O(11) and C(4) respectively.