Impaired Thrombin Generation in β2-Glycoprotein I Null Mice

Yonghua Sheng, Stephen W. Reddel, Herbert Herzog, Ying Xia Wang, Tim Brighton, Malcolm P. France, Sarah A. Robertson, Steven A. Krilis
2001 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Autoimmune antibodies to ␤ 2 -glycoprotein I (␤2GPI) have been proposed to be clinically relevant because of their strong association with thrombosis, miscarriage, and thrombocytopenia. By using a homologous recombination approach, ␤2GPI-null mice were generated to begin to understand the physiologic and pathologic role of this prominent plasma protein in mammals. When ␤2GPI heterozygotes on a 129/Sv/C57BL/6 mixed genetic background were intercrossed, only 8.9% of the resulting 336 offspring
more » ... sessed both disrupted alleles. These data suggest that ␤2GPI plays a beneficial role in implantation and/or fetal development in at least some mouse strains. Although those ␤2GPI-null mice that were born appeared to be relatively normal anatomically and histologically, subsequent analysis revealed that they possessed an impaired in vitro ability to generate thrombin relative to wild type mice. Thus, ␤2GPI also appears to play an important role in thrombinmediated coagulation.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m010990200 pmid:11145969 fatcat:2fxqdqecvfeefdwfo74xyxvyai